BTS Statistical Release: 2017 North American Freight Numbers

March 19, 2018

BTS 13-18

Friday, March 16, 2018

BTS Contact: Dave Smallen

Tel: 202-366-5568

david.smallen@dot.gov

 

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data 

NOTE: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

All five major transportation modes – truck, rail, pipeline, vessel and air – carried more U.S. freight with Canada and Mexico by value in 2017 than in 2016, according to the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) (Figure 1 and Table 1).

 

Freight by Mode

The share of the value of freight moved by vessel rose by 1.2 percent and the pipeline share increased by 1.1 percent from 2016 to 2017. A 17.3 percent increase in the year-over-year price of crude oil in 2017 played a key role in the annual increases in the dollar value of goods shipped by pipeline (up 31.3 percent) and vessel (up 29.6 percent). As a result of the vessel and pipeline increases, the share of freight moved on other modes declined: air by 0.1 percent, rail by 0.2, and truck by 2.2 percent. Average monthly prices for crude petroleum and refined fuel are available from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. 

 

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data

 

Trucks continued to be the most heavily utilized mode for moving goods to and from both Canada and Mexico, carrying 63.3 percent of the freight transported. Despite a 2.2 percentage point decrease from 2016 in the share carried, trucks accounted for $720.8 billion of the $1.1 trillion in freight flows with Canada and Mexico in 2017 (Table 1).

 

Rail remained the second largest mode, moving $174.1 billion or 15.3 percent, followed by vessel, 6.6 percent; pipeline, 5.7 percent; and air, 3.8 percent. The surface transportation modes of truck, rail, and pipeline combined carried 84.3 percent of the total value (Figure 2, Table 1).

 

Trucks carried 60.2 percent of the $614.0 billion of goods imported from Canada and Mexico in 2017, followed by rail, 18.5 percent; pipeline, 8.4 percent; vessel, 6.4 percent; and air, 3.1 percent. Trucks carried 66.8 percent of the $525.5 billion of goods exported to Canada and Mexico, followed by rail, 11.5 percent; vessel, 6.9 percent; air, 4.8 percent; and pipeline, 2.6 percent (Table 1).

 

The total value of cross-border freight carried on all modes rose 6.6 percent from 2016 to $1.2 trillion in current dollars,

 

The category of all modes of transportation cited in the following tables includes freight movements by truck, rail, vessel, pipeline, air, other and unknown modes of transport. See North American TransBorder Freight Data for historic data. 

 

 

U.S.-Canada Freight

From 2016 to 2017, the value of U.S.-Canada freight flows increased 7.1 percent to $582.4 billion. Trucks carried 57.7 percent of the value of the freight, followed by rail, 16.2 percent; pipeline, 10.6 percent; vessel, 3.9 percent; and air, 4.7 percent. The surface transportation modes of truck, rail, and pipeline combined carried 84.5 percent of the value (Table 2).

           

Although trucks carried the largest share (57.7 percent) of U.S.-Canada freight by value in 2017, its share of the total decreased by 2.4 percentage points from 2016. The modal shares of rail and air also decreased, both down 0.1 percentage points. Pipeline’s share rose by 2.2 percentage points while vessel rose 0.6 points, both due in part to an increase in the year-over-year price of crude oil in 2017 (Table 2).

 

Trucks carried 50.1 percent of the $300.0 billion of goods imported from Canada in 2017, followed by rail, 20.6 percent; pipeline, 17.2 percent; vessel, 5.0 percent; and air, 3.8 percent. Trucks carried 65.7 percent of the $282.5 billion of goods exported to Canada, followed by rail, 11.5 percent; air, 5.6 percent; pipeline, 3.5 percent; and vessel, 2.8 percent (Table 2).

 

Michigan led all U.S.-Canada Border states serving as a gateway for 38.3 percent of freight carried between the U.S. and Canada in 2017, handling $222.8 billion, an increase of 5.2 percent. Minnesota ports of entry had the largest percent increase among northern border states, growing 20.8 percent over 2016 (Table 3).

 

The top commodity category transported between the U.S. and Canada in 2017 was vehicles and parts valued at $107.4 billion with $60.7 billion or 56.5 percent moved by truck and $43.7 billion or 40.7 percent moved by rail (Figure 3).

 

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data 

NOTE: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

U.S.-Mexico Freight

From 2016 to 2017, the value of U.S.-Mexico freight flows increased 6.1 percent to $557.0 billion. Trucks carried 69.1 percent of the value of the freight, followed by rail, 14.4 percent; vessel, 9.5 percent; air, 3.0 percent; and pipeline, 0.7 percent. The surface transportation modes of truck, rail, and pipeline combined carried 84.1 percent of the value (Table 4).

 

Trucks carried the largest share (69.1 percent) of U.S.-Mexico freight in 2017, despite a 1.9 percentage point decrease from 2016. Also declining were rail, down 0.3 percentage points, and pipeline, down 0.1 points. Helped by an increase in the year-over-year price of crude oil, vessel’s share grew by 1.8 percentage points. Air’s share was unchanged (Table 4).

 

Trucks carried 69.9 percent of the $314.0 billion of goods imported from Mexico in 2017, followed by rail, 16.5 percent; vessel, 7.8 percent; air, 2.4 percent; and pipeline, 0.1 percent. Trucks carried 68.0 percent of the $243.0 billion of goods exports to Mexico in 2017, followed by vessel, 11.6 percent; rail, 11.5 percent; air, 3.8 percent; and pipeline, 1.4 percent (Table 4).

 

Texas led all U.S.-Mexico Border states serving as a gateway for 70.0 percent of freight carried between the U.S. and Mexico in 2017, handling $390.1 billion. Texas ports of entry had the largest percent increase among southern border states, growing 6.9 percent over 2016 (Table 5).

 

The top commodity transported between the U.S. and Mexico in 2017 was vehicles and parts at $104.8 billion, with $48.9 billion or 46.7 percent moved by truck, and $44.7 billion or 42.7 percent moved by rail (Figure 4).

 

 

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data 

NOTE: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Reporting Notes

BTS press releases and the BTS website define surface transportation modes as truck, rail and pipeline. See North American TransBorder Freight Data on the BTS website for additional data since 2006. The category of all modes of transportation cited in the following tables includes freight movements by truck, rail, vessel, pipeline, air, other and unknown modes of transport. 

           

Data in this press release are not seasonally adjusted and are not adjusted for inflation. For previous statistical releases and summary tables, see TransBorder Releases. See TransBorder Freight Data for data from previous months, and for additional state, port, and commodity data. BTS has scheduled the release of January TransBorder numbers for March 27.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://content.govdelivery.com/accounts/USDOT/bulletins/1e29789

 

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